[…] The sun was represented by multiple Gods. Site Map. At this time, there was the first astronomical observatory/calendar- the Stonehenge. Astronomy - Astronomy - History of astronomy: Astronomy was the first natural science to reach a high level of sophistication and predictive ability, which it achieved already in the second half of the 1st millennium bce. The Egyptians had no true understanding of the universe, so many myths were created as an explanation for astronomical events. 129 B.C. The Egyptians are not an exemption to this. In some cultures, they were priests, priestesses, and other "elites" who studied the movement of celestial bodies to determine rituals, celebrations, and planting cycles. Ancient Astronomy Passes to the Greeks - Alexander the Great and the History of Astronomy. Prehistoric Astronomy Fast forward about 10,000 years to the time of the first civilizations, and the earliest astronomers who already figured out how to use the sky. Astronomy in the Enlightenment and the Renaissance. This chart represents important events in astronomy, like discoveries and inventions that have impacted astronomy through the ages: 2000 B.C. According to legend, two Chinese astronomers are executed for not predicting an eclipse and for being drunk as it happened. The Revd. To them, each star was some form of God or Goddess, or part of one. The Stonehenge is located north of Salisbury, Wiltshire, England. Isaac Newton is best known for his contribution to the world of physics. Our trip through the timeline of the history of astronomy now takes us to Torun, a small city in present day Poland, in 1473. Ancient Egyptian astronomy was a religious tradition. The sky and its contents are there for all to see on any clear night. Copernicus was a scholar who studied mathematics, optics, and canon or church law. In astronomy, he made the newtonian telescope and wrote Philosophiae Naturalis Principa Mathematica which laid down the foundation of classic mechanics. No wonder astronomy has inspired artists and poets through the ages, from ancient Greece to today’s television series. The study of astronomy is vast and encompasses a huge amount of information. Egyptian Astronomy; Having one of the most advanced and affluent cultures, Ancient Egypt has significant contributions to astronomy of today. Annotated Timeline Dates extend to 2005; those marked "c." are approximate. History of Astronomy Ancient civilizations believed their gods lived in the skies, and so early astronomy was often a mix of detailed observations of the celestual heavens and religion. wonderful universe. On February 19, astronomer Nicolaus Copernicus was born. Dates in black are from the history of society and technology, and are meant to provide a broader context for the dates of the basic list.. 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