$260.4 billion [see also: Stock of broad money country ranks ] 3.1538 [see also: Debt - external country ranks ] $1.076 trillion (2015) 97 (31 December 2016 est. (2012 est. (2017 est.) 4.74% 4.8% (31 December 2017 est.) Intra-regional migration is also high in Europe and Central Asia, with 80% of emigrants choosing to move to other countries in the region. )country comparison to the world (CIA rank, may be based on non-current data): 3.9459 (2016 est.) )country comparison to the world (CIA rank, may be based on non-current data): 23 (2015) (31 December 2016 est. (31 December 2017 est.) [see also: Imports country ranks ] (2014 est.) (2015 est.) 153 153 (2017 est.) Exports - commodities: machinery and transport equipment 37.8%, intermediate manufactured goods 23.7%, miscellaneous manufactured goods 17.1%, food and live animals 7.6% [see also: Stock of narrow money country ranks ] )country comparison to the world (CIA rank, may be based on non-current data): (2016 est.) 33.7 3% )country comparison to the world (CIA rank, may be based on non-current data): 23 31 )country comparison to the world (CIA rank, may be based on non-current data): (2017 est.) )country comparison to the world (CIA rank, may be based on non-current data): 106 (2016 est.) (31 December 2017 est.) (2017 est.) (2017 est.) [see also: Public debt country ranks ] (2017 est.) (2017) $265.4 billion $347.8 billion )country comparison to the world (CIA rank, may be based on non-current data): “Migrants disproportionately tend to be of working age and can therefore ease demographic pressures by increasing the size of the labor force, raising productivity, and boosting growth.”. (2017 est.) $224.5 billion )country comparison to the world (CIA rank, may be based on non-current data): (31 December 2017 est.) (2014 est.) $347.8 billion (2016 est. (31 December 2017) exports of goods and services: 54% Supreme Court President Malgorzata Gersdorf addresses supporters and the media before entering the Supreme Court building in Warsaw, Poland, July 4, 2018. Labor force - by occupation: (31 December 2016 est. (31 December 2015 est. (31 December 2016 est. 46 20 $64.52 billion $347.8 billion Stock of domestic credit: $347.8 billion [see also: GDP - per capita country ranks ] (31 December 2016 est. (2015 est. [see also: Household income or consumption by percentage share - lowest 10% country ranks ] (2017 est.) 127 [see also: Central bank discount rate country ranks ] Stock of broad money: )country comparison to the world (CIA rank, may be based on non-current data): (31 December 2016)country comparison to the world (CIA rank, may be based on non-current data): [see also: Stock of direct foreign investment - abroad country ranks ] [see also: GDP - composition, by end use - government consumption country ranks ] $241 billion (31 December 2017 est.) Central bank discount rate: (31 December 2017 est.) 20 [see also: Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-) country ranks ] 23 46 $195.1 billion $277.4 billion The report shows that increasing incentives for remaining in a country of origin is more likely to deter outward migration than pursuing policies that restrict benefits abroad. [see also: Public debt country ranks ] $72.87 billion (31 December 2015 est. $277.4 billion )country comparison to the world (CIA rank, may be based on non-current data): Reserves of foreign exchange and gold: Exchange rates: zlotych (PLN) per US dollar - (2014 est.) (2017 est.) $347.8 billion 4.74% [see also: Stock of narrow money country ranks ] (31 December 2015 est. )country comparison to the world (CIA rank, may be based on non-current data): (2017) (2016 est.) (31 December 2017 est.) (31 December 2016 est. (31 December 2017 est.) [see also: Reserves of foreign exchange and gold country ranks ] (2017 est.) (2016 est. agriculture: 11.5% (2017 est.) (31 December 2016)country comparison to the world (CIA rank, may be based on non-current data): Industrial production growth rate: 7.5% [see also: GDP - composition, by sector of origin - services country ranks ] (31 December 2017) Stock of domestic credit: (2011 est.) 23 [see also: Stock of direct foreign investment - abroad country ranks ] [see also: Unemployment rate country ranks ] Current account balance: [see also: Public debt country ranks ] $223.8 billion [see also: Stock of direct foreign investment - at home country ranks ] [see also: Stock of direct foreign investment - abroad country ranks ] Imports - commodities: machinery and transport equipment 38%, intermediate manufactured goods 21%, chemicals 15%, minerals, fuels, lubricants, and related materials 9% $224.5 billion (2017 est. Exports: GDP (purchasing power parity): [see also: Imports country ranks ] lowest 10%: 3% [see also: GDP - composition, by end use - investment in inventories country ranks ] For example, it assigns unemployment rates in increasing order, whereas we rank them in decreasing order. Industrial production growth rate: 7.5% (2017 est.) 23 30.8 [see also: Current account balance country ranks ] $282.6 billion (2008)country comparison to the world (CIA rank, may be based on non-current data): [see also: Public debt country ranks ] Exchange rates: zlotych (PLN) per US dollar - )country comparison to the world (CIA rank, may be based on non-current data): 3.748 3.1538 Stock of narrow money: (2016 est. (2017 est.) 31 (2017 est.) (31 December 2017 est.) $72.87 billion (2016 est.) (31 December 2016 est. 45, country comparison to the world (CIA rank, may be based on non-current data): [see also: Central bank discount rate country ranks ] [see also: Budget - expenditures country ranks ] (31 December 2017 est.) 20 (2017 est.) [see also: Exports country ranks ] )country comparison to the world (CIA rank, may be based on non-current data): 30 [see also: Stock of direct foreign investment - at home country ranks ] $114.4 billion (2016 est.) GDP - composition, by end use: $195.1 billion (31 December 2017 est.) 96 )country comparison to the world (CIA rank, may be based on non-current data): Stock of direct foreign investment - at home: Imports - commodities: machinery and transport equipment 38%, intermediate manufactured goods 21%, chemicals 15%, minerals, fuels, lubricants, and related materials 9% agriculture: 11.5% (2017) $265.4 billion (2017) (2017 est.) 35 )country comparison to the world (CIA rank, may be based on non-current data): (2015 est.) (2017 est.) $277.4 billion investment in inventories: 2% )country comparison to the world (CIA rank, may be based on non-current data): Stock of domestic credit: Hungary and Poland Threaten E.U. [see also: Commercial bank prime lending rate country ranks ] (31 December 2016 est. 4.9% [see also: Stock of broad money country ranks ] $397 billion Unemployment rate: 30 (2017 est.) 3.1538 38 [see also: Exports country ranks ] )country comparison to the world (CIA rank, may be based on non-current data): [see also: Budget - expenditures country ranks ] [see also: Stock of domestic credit country ranks ] (31 December 2016 est. 28 )country comparison to the world (CIA rank, may be based on non-current data): (31 December 2015 est. 31 69 23 Stock of domestic credit: [see also: Central bank discount rate country ranks ] [see also: Market value of publicly traded shares country ranks ] Inflation rate (consumer prices): [see also: Debt - external country ranks ] 23 $113.3 billion The government reduced the retirement age in 2016 and has had mixed success in introducing new taxes and boosting tax compliance to offset the increased costs of social spending programs and relieve upward pressure on the budget deficit. Stock of narrow money: (2017) [see also: Exports country ranks ] (2017 est. 23 [see also: Stock of broad money country ranks ] (31 December 2016 est. [see also: Debt - external country ranks ] 26 3.9459 (2016 est. $336.6 billion (2015 est. revenues: 207.5 billion [see also: Stock of direct foreign investment - at home country ranks ] (31 December 2016 est. government consumption: 17.7% [see also: Budget - expenditures country ranks ] 46 )country comparison to the world (CIA rank, may be based on non-current data): $224.5 billion 23 $282.6 billion 19.2% of GDP $113.3 billion (2017) (31 December 2016 est. Unemployment rate: (31 December 2016 est. 30.8 $195.1 billion )country comparison to the world (CIA rank, may be based on non-current data): [see also: Stock of broad money country ranks ] )country comparison to the world (CIA rank, may be based on non-current data): [see also: Stock of direct foreign investment - abroad country ranks ] (2016 est. )country comparison to the world (CIA rank, may be based on non-current data): $195.7 billion Stock of broad money: (31 December 2016 est. $241 billion $1.126 trillion Budget: Global data and statistics, research and publications, and topics in poverty and development. [see also: Market value of publicly traded shares country ranks ] Stock of direct foreign investment - at home: (2017) Budget: (2017 est. [see also: GDP - composition, by end use - government consumption country ranks ] [see also: GDP - composition, by sector of origin - services country ranks ] Debt - external: Imports - partners: Germany 27.9%, China 8%, Russia 6.4%, Netherlands 6%, Italy 5.3%, France 4.2%, Czech Republic 4% 20 Commercial bank prime lending rate: (2015 est.) 3.9459 (2016 est. $224.6 billion Debt - external: (2016 est.) (31 December 2017 est.) (2017 est.) industry: 40.2% (31 December 2017 est.) 23 )country comparison to the world (CIA rank, may be based on non-current data): )country comparison to the world (CIA rank, may be based on non-current data): 20 Market value of publicly traded shares: 153 )country comparison to the world (CIA rank, may be based on non-current data): (2014 est.) (2017 est.) 100 3.1538 (2017 est.) Imports - partners: Germany 27.9%, China 8%, Russia 6.4%, Netherlands 6%, Italy 5.3%, France 4.2%, Czech Republic 4% 31 70, country comparison to the world (CIA rank, may be based on non-current data): (2017 est.) (2017) [see also: GDP - composition, by sector of origin - industry country ranks ] Find Out. 70 Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-): -1.7% (of GDP) [see also: Reserves of foreign exchange and gold country ranks ] )country comparison to the world (CIA rank, may be based on non-current data): )country comparison to the world (CIA rank, may be based on non-current data): Exports - commodities: machinery and transport equipment 37.8%, intermediate manufactured goods 23.7%, miscellaneous manufactured goods 17.1%, food and live animals 7.6% )country comparison to the world (CIA rank, may be based on non-current data): [see also: Labor force - by occupation - industry country ranks ] -0.6% $114.4 billion (31 December 2017 est.) $241 billion (2016 est. This, together with continuing low interest rates and the execution of European funds-related investments will help sustain Poland's economic growth prospects in the near term," says Carlos Piñerúa, World Bank Country Manager for Poland and the Baltic States. (2017 est.) Labor force - by occupation: 3.748 (31 December 2016 est. 3.9459 (31 December 2017 est.) $223.8 billion Current account balance: (2015 est. $260.4 billion Reserves of foreign exchange and gold: $336.6 billion Current account balance: (31 December 2017 est.) )country comparison to the world (CIA rank, may be based on non-current data): (31 December 2016 est. Debt - external: (31 December 2016 est. (31 December 2017 est.) [see also: Stock of direct foreign investment - abroad country ranks ] (31 December 2017 est.) $64.52 billion 20 $260.4 billion (2017 est.) (2017 est.) -0.6% revenues: 207.5 billion 31 6.2% (2015 est.) (2015 est.) (31 December 2016 est. Public debt: )country comparison to the world (CIA rank, may be based on non-current data): -$1.369 billion 28 (31 December 2016)country comparison to the world (CIA rank, may be based on non-current data): (31 December 2017 est.) (2014 est.) $397 billion 3.1538 Exchange rates: zlotych (PLN) per US dollar - (2015) (2016 est. Exchange rates: zlotych (PLN) per US dollar - $223.8 billion (31 December 2016 est. [see also: Imports country ranks ] Household income or consumption by percentage share: Debt - external: GDP - composition, by sector of origin: 153 Imports: [see also: GDP - composition, by end use - investment in fixed capital country ranks ] (31 December 2016 est. (2017 est.) expenditures: 216.2 billion [see also: Debt - external country ranks ] (31 December 2017 est.) )country comparison to the world (CIA rank, may be based on non-current data): Inflation rose, but it remains below 2.5 percent. $28,300 note: data cover general government debt and include debt instruments issued (or owned) by government entities other than the treasury; the data include treasury debt held by foreign entities, the data include subnational entities, as well as intragovernmental debt; intragovernmental debt consists of treasury borrowings from surpluses in the social funds, such as for retirement, medical care, and unemployment; debt instruments for the social funds are not sold at public auctionscountry comparison to the world (CIA rank, may be based on non-current data): (2017 est.) lowest 10%: 3% Exports: 153 38 )country comparison to the world (CIA rank, may be based on non-current data): (2015 est.) 100 (2015) (2014 est.) 128 (31 December 2017 est.) 153 23 (2017 est.) [see also: Reserves of foreign exchange and gold country ranks ] 19.2% of GDP )country comparison to the world (CIA rank, may be based on non-current data): Debt - external: 38 Taxes and other revenues: 39.5% (of GDP) (2017 est. (2017) industry: 40.2% [see also: Stock of direct foreign investment - at home country ranks ] )country comparison to the world (CIA rank, may be based on non-current data): 3.9459 (31 December 2016 est. ), Stock of direct foreign investment - at home: (31 December 2016 est. $114.4 billion Imports: [see also: Public debt country ranks ] $195.1 billion $224.6 billion (31 December 2016 est. GDP - composition, by sector of origin: (2013 est. (31 December 2017 est.) 100, country comparison to the world (CIA rank, may be based on non-current data): revenues: 207.5 billion $223.8 billion )country comparison to the world (CIA rank, may be based on non-current data): $195.7 billion 54.2% of GDP 26 (2016 est.) (31 December 2017 est.) 22, country comparison to the world (CIA rank, may be based on non-current data): $224.6 billion (2013 est. 46 $265.4 billion (31 December 2016 est. )country comparison to the world (CIA rank, may be based on non-current data): $72.87 billion (2012 est.) 54.2% of GDP [see also: Household income or consumption by percentage share - lowest 10% country ranks ] (31 December 2017 est.) [see also: Budget - revenues country ranks ] (2017 est.) Imports: (31 December 2016 est. Opposition to migration is often strong, however, because the benefits tend to be longer-term while the costs - including displacement and unemployment - are immediate and concentrated among certain groups. Stock of broad money: (31 December 2017 est.) [see also: Debt - external country ranks ] (2016 est.) (31 December 2017 est.) [see also: Exports country ranks ] 23 3.1538 [see also: GDP - composition, by sector of origin - agriculture country ranks ] (31 December 2017 est.) What about the roots of Poland’s success? (31 December 2016 est. [see also: Debt - external country ranks ] (31 December 2017 est.) $224.6 billion $336.6 billion (31 December 2017 est.) 33.7 26, country comparison to the world (CIA rank, may be based on non-current data): (2017) 2% (2008)country comparison to the world (CIA rank, may be based on non-current data): Commercial bank prime lending rate: (2017 est.) [see also: Inflation rate (consumer prices) country ranks ] (31 December 2016)country comparison to the world (CIA rank, may be based on non-current data): 23 3.7721 )country comparison to the world (CIA rank, may be based on non-current data): $397 billion (31 December 2017 est.) (31 December 2016 est. Since 1988, Poland has pursued a policy of economic liberalization and its economy was the only one in the EU to avoid a recession through the 2007–08 economic downturn. 31 2% 19.9% of GDP (2017 est. [see also: Imports country ranks ] $241 billion (31 December 2016)country comparison to the world (CIA rank, may be based on non-current data): $195.7 billion [see also: Distribution of family income - Gini index country ranks ] -0.6% 45 )country comparison to the world (CIA rank, may be based on non-current data): $72.87 billion $195.7 billion 3.9459 (2017) $195.1 billion Economic growth is strong, the financial sector is stable and there are no short-term risks to fiscal sustainability. services: 57.6% 26 [see also: Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-) country ranks ] (2017 est.) Labor force: 17.6 million (31 December 2015 est. (2015 est. -0.6% 22 )country comparison to the world (CIA rank, may be based on non-current data): (2017 est. 4.8% (2013 est. 23 (2017 est.) (2017), Reserves of foreign exchange and gold: (31 December 2017 est.) $241 billion (2016 est. [see also: Inflation rate (consumer prices) country ranks ] $1.584 billion [see also: Debt - external country ranks ] (2016 est.) (31 December 2016 est. $223.8 billion Stimulus Over Rule of Law Links. [see also: Stock of narrow money country ranks ] (31 December 2017 est.) [see also: GDP - composition, by end use - exports of goods and services country ranks ] Debt - external: 3.7721 (2017) $64.52 billion (31 December 2017 est.) (2015 est.) (31 December 2017 est.) (2017 est.) Exports - partners: Germany 27.4%, Czech Republic 6.4%, UK 6.4%, France 5.6%, Italy 4.9%, Netherlands 4.4%