White phosphorus burns are associated with significant morbidity often necessitating lengthy hospital stays. Early recognition of affected areas and adequate resuscitation is crucial. Over a 51-year period, we have treated 276 patients with chemical burn injury including 146 white phosphorus injuries. Mentioning: 23 - Phosphorus burns are a rarely encountered chemical burn, typically occurring in battle, industrial accidents, or from fireworks. UNLABELLED Chemical burn injury meets the criteria of the American Burn Association for treatment at a specialized burn facility. Burns 2001: 27: 492–97. He or she may recommend that you be transferred to a burn center if your burn covers more than 10 percent of your total body surface area, is very deep, is on the face, feet or groin, or meets other criteria established by the American Burn Association. Identification and removal of white phosphorus can be guided by a blacklight or Wood's lamp that causes particle phosphorescence. A second film reveals the impact of the white phosphorus on the human body. Phosphorus burns are a rarely encountered chemical burn, typically occurring in battle, industrial accidents, or from fireworks. 2 Eldad A, Simon GA. Elemental phosphorus exists in two major forms, white phosphorus and red phosphorus, but because it is highly reactive, phosphorus is never found as a free element on Earth.It has a concentration in the Earth's crust of about one gram per kilogram (compare copper at about 0.06 grams). Barqouni L, Abu Shaaban N, Elessi K. Interventions for treating phosphorus burns. White phosphorus: A waxy solid which burns easily and is used in chemical manufacturing and smoke munitions. The authors present a rare case of a 45-year-old male patient who suffered white phosphorus burns combined with arsenic inhalation because of an industrial accident. We cannot give an estimate of the number of such cases in our burns unit because it is in a war situation in which no formal recording was done; these burns are rarely encountered in practice and literature describing cases is limited. White phosphorus is a common industrial and military compound, which can cause severe thermal and chemical burns beyond what would be predicted from body surface area alone. Amongst our 2765 admissions between 1984 and 1998, 326 patients had chemical burns. Amongst our 2765 admissions between 1984 and 1998, 326 patients had chemical burns. Doctors in Gaza described today how they had struggled to treat dozens of patients with terrible and unusually deadly burns consistent with white phosphorus … Read about the symptoms, treatments, and different types. If you go to a doctor for burn treatment, he or she will assess the severity of your burn by examining your skin. Extreme cases can be fatal. Acute management of white phosphorus burn. Ingestion and other exposures to the chemical can cause various symptoms. The mainstay of white phosphorus burn treatment is thorough decontamination. 1. Exposure to phosphorus-containing compounds causes serious, often fatal, burns and can be the source of significant morbidity and lengthy hospital stays. We use cookies to distinguish you from other users and to provide you with a better experience on our websites. Burns are common. Burns 1991; 17: 198–200. The phosphorous burn—a preliminary comparative experimental study of various forms of treatment. Chemical poisoning -- White Phosphorus: White Phosphorus is a chemical used mainly in fertilizers, water treatment, rodenticides and insecticides (for cockroaches). For All Burns. The management of white phosphorus burns. Classed as a chemical burn, white phosphorus is used for military purposes and within industry, for the manufacture of fireworks and agricultural products. Because of its reactivity, white phosphorus has been used as an incendiary agent by the military or as an igniter for munitions. The skin is leathery or charred looking, with white, brown, or black patches. 3 Chou TD, Lee TW, Chen SL, et al. Skip to main content. The authors present a rare case of a 45-year-old male patient who suffered white phosphorus burns … Burns 2004; 30:448. First aid for this type of burn is Figure 4-49.-Electrical burns. Burns from white phosphorus are rare and remain a challenge for clinicians. Over a 51-year period, we have treated 276 patients with chemical burn injury including 146 white phosphorus injuries. Early recognition of affected areas and adequate resuscitation is crucial. Treatment of white phosphorus and other chemical burn injuries at one burn center over a 51-year period. In this study, we compare incidence, cause and outcome of chemical burn injury over time and review the management of white phosphorus injuries. Chemical poisoning -- White Phosphorus: Introduction. Death may result even with minimal burn areas. Water soluble hydrogels of alkali metal alginate and glycerin containing 0.01 to 1% cupric (copper) sulfate pentahydrate or silver salts such as silver acetate, silver lactate monohydrate and silver nitrate have been found to be excellent wound dressing treatment composition for white phosphorus burns. Mil Med 2002; 167: 83–84. Most people can recover from burns without serious health consequences. Death may result even with minimal burn areas. 4 Davis KG. White phosphorus is a common industrial and military compound, which can cause severe thermal and chemical burns beyond what would be predicted from body surface area alone. Amongst our 2765 admissions between 1984 and 1998, 326 patients had chemical burns. WHITE PHOSPHORUS BURNS A special category of burns that may affect military personnel in a wartime or training situation is that caused by exposure of white phosphorus (WP or Willy Peter).