Expressio unius est exclusio alterius is a Latin phrase that means express mention of one thing excludes all others. 3. Expressio Unius Est Exclusio Alterius. However, sometimes a list in a statute is illustrative, not exclusionary. On the other hand, violations of Special Penal Laws are generally referred to as malum prohibitum or an act that is wrong because it is prohibited. 7641 or its Implementing Rules. with Article R39 CAS Code and the interpretive principle inclusio unius est exclusio alterius), counterclaims are inadmissible in CAS appeal procedures. Spread the loveYou can grab notes for other topics from here. This rule applies when services are included in construction contracts. This maxim is given to gauge the intent of the legislature. 2 The maxim âexpressio unius est exclusio alteriusââthe expression of one thing is the exclusion of othersâis understood to mean that the express mention of one thing in a statute implies the exclusion of other similar things. Introduction: One of the most important rules of the construction of statutes is the âExpressio Unius Est Exclusio Alteriusâ. This is a Latin term which etymologically means âExpress Mention and Implied Exclusionâ. Johnson v Recca, 492 Mich 169, 176 n 4; 821 NW2d 520 (2012). There is no unwritten exception to the principle of jus sanguinis (law of blood) aside from subsections (1) and (2) of Section 1, Article V. When a thing is explicitly mentioned in a provision of an Act, then all other things are not considered. Expressio Unius Est Exclusio Alterius is a legal maxim which literally translates to the âexplicit mention of one thing is the exclusion of anotherâ. Under the rule of statutory construction of expressio unius est exclusio alterius, Bernardo's claim for retirement benefits cannot be denied on the ground that he was a part-time employee as part-time employees are not among those specifically exempted under Republic Act No. Instead, a respondent needs to file an independent appeal within the applicable time limit. For example: Tempest v Kilner (1846) 3 CB 249. If the words of the Statute are plain and its meaning is clear then there is no scope for applying the rule. It is a basic precept of statutory construction that the express mention of one person, thing, act, or consequence excludes all others as expressed in the familiar maxim expressio unius est exclusio alterius. Items not on the list are impliedly assumed not to be covered by the statute or a contract term. âExpressio unius est exclusio alteriusâ (The expression of one thing implies the exclusion of others). In Rodaro, Justice, at ¶856, defined the Latin maxim expressio unius est exclusio alterius as follows: "... a maxim of interpretation meaning that the expression of one thing is the exclusion of the other. of Statutes). If it When certain persons or things are specified in a law, contract or will, an intention to exclude all others from its operation may be inferred. (C) INTERNAL AIDS TO INTERPRETATION This is one of the rules used in interpretation of statutes. EXPRESSIO UNIUS EST EXCLUSIO ALTERIUS âMention of one or more things of a particular class may be regarded as silently excluding all other members of the classâ (Maxwell, Interpretation. Expressio Unius Est Exclusio Alterius Law and Legal Definition. (ii) Expressio unius est exclusio alterius: Expressio unius est exclusio alterius means "the express mention of one thing excludes all others." Violations of the crimes listed in the Revised Penal Code are referred to as mala in se, which literally means, that the act is inherently evil or bad or wrongful in itself. This doctrine of contract interpretation is called Expressio Unius Est Exclusio Alterius. Translation of this latin is âinclusion of one is exclusion of the others.â Courts assume that if there is a list of items and an item was NOT included, then it should not be included. The phrase indicates that items not on the list are assumed not to be covered by the statute.